A Vergil's Aeneid Reader for iPad
Verbil aims to do one thing perfectly, to let you read and study Vergil's Aeneid. For fun, for college, or for the Latin AP exam.

On Verbil’s development status, see this blog post.

TL;DR: It is still available on the App Store.

Clean, quiet reading

It’s tough to beat a clean copy of Vergil’s Aeneid and an armchair in a quiet corner of a library reading room. That’s ideal.

In reality, however, we’re probably more often at a desk surrounded by grammars, lexica, translations, notebooks, and flashcards.

With Verbil for iPad we seek to give you the ideal: all the tools you need to study effectively without compromising the simplicity and elegance of reading Vergil’s Latin from a clean text in a quiet library.

Definitive definitions

Highlight any word to reveal its dictionary entry. Not a list of possible dictionary entries, but the correct dictionary entry for this word in this verse.

Verbil’s Aeneid-specific lexicon contains every word in the poem, including proper names. (That’s a little over 5400 lemmata.)

Smart cards

Verbil lets you create your own vocabulary sets, but it also maintains various smart sets: words you’ve starred, words you’ve looked up the most, words you’ve most often got wrong.

Verbil even contains frequency sets, which oraganize all the words of the Aeneid by how often they appear in the poem. (Think Owen and Goodspeed’s Homeric Vocabularies, but for the Aeneid.)

Verbil will even do something about which we’re a bit conflicted: it will generate vocabulary sets for any range of verses you specify, even allowing you to exclude words based on their frequency. Want to create a set of the less common words in verses 1.1-200? It’s (too) easy.

Oh, and you can share these sets with your friends, should you wish. They can read it as a text file or import it into Verbil on their own iPad.

Make it your own

Interlinear glosses and highlights are the worst. But what if you could show and hide those interlinear notes? Or simply flag a verse in the Alexandrian manner? Verbil seeks to give you all of the annotation tools you need to study the Aeneid without getting in the way of quiet, effective study.

We think you’ll love reading the Aeneid using Verbil on your iPad so much that you’ll have notes and annotations that you want to export. You can email your work or save it directly to your Dropbox account.

Where was I?

When you launch Verbil, you’ll see a dashboard presenting recent activity: what you’ve been reading, which verses you’ve flagged, what words you’ve been looking up, which vocabulary sets you’ve studied recently, and much more. Click on a dashboard entry to pick up where you left off.

Word studies

Do word searches based either on the lemma or an inflected form. See at a glance every instance of arma in the poem. Ever wonder where the word semivir occurs? Print, email, or save these studies to your Dropbox account.

Studying for the Latin AP Exam

Verbil has several features to help you study for the Latin AP exam. Generate random passages from the assigned AP selections for reading practice. Flip through words you’ve had to look up most frequently. Share vocabulary sets with your classmates. Refer quickly to grammar handouts. Preparation has never been easier.

All you need for the Aeneid

A translation, a complete grammar, and more. Take a look at our release notes for v1.0 below to learn more about Verbil’s many features.

App Store Reviews

I’ve been using this app since it came out. I project it up on the whiteboard so students have a clean text to work with. I’ve also encouraged my students to purchase it for their own use. The really enjoy the ability to flag specific lines, take “in-line” notes and make notations, and how quickly and easily they can make specific vocab lists. I can’t recommend this app enough!

I use this app every single day in my ap latin class and it’s such a wonderful tool. The best part to for me is definitely the in app dictionary! Highly highly recommended for anyone studying Vergil.

This app is every Vergil teacher’s dream. Tappable vocab, interlinear notes, vocabulary review, concordance, marking select line and passages…

A great treasure! This app has everything you need to appreciate Latin and the Aeneid. I can’t believe it’s free…


These are some of the more frequent questions about Verbil. If you don’t find an answer to your question here, feel free to email us. We’re not that good at the Twitter.

Which edition of the Aeneid is Verbil’s text based on?

The text was derived from the Perseus Project’s XML version of Greenough’s 1900 edition but has a few corrections and orthographic modifications. At cruces, we sided with Mynors’ 1969 OCT.

These works are licensed under the Creative Commons ShareAlike 3.0 license: CC BY-SA 3.0 US. For now, we’ve posted our text as JSON here (with a better solution forthcoming).

More importantly, do we accept emendations? Absolutely!

Do you plan to support other platforms and devices?

Maybe. Verbil began as a web app, turned into an iPhone app, and then shipped as an iPad app. It’s not impossible that we ship the iPhone version at some point. There is currently no Android version.

How can I ensure that the iPhone version ships?

Rate Verbil for iPad in the App Store and tell your friends about it.

Are there hidden gestures within Verbil?

We hope you find all of the many gestures and features on your own, but the most definitive list is currently in the v1.0 release notes.

Release Notes

v1.1.1, 29 November 2014


  • Downright annihilated the possibility of blank flash cards appearing in the Recent Activity section. – Various and sundry optimizations.


  • As ever, so much depends on a red wheelbarrow–and on App Store reviews! We refuse to interrupt your reading with one of those nagging “Please Rate Us In the App Store” dialogues, so we humbly ask here that you take a few minutes to leave a review in the App Store.

v1.1, 6 September 2014


  • Despite our paedagogical leanings otherwise, we have made it easier than ever to look up a word in the text. Now, instead of highlighting a word and tapping ‘Define’, simply tap the word. – A related change is that, when reading the text, you must now long-press (i.e., tap-and-hold) a verse to reveal the interlinear verse notes. – It seems most people would prefer this. Please let us know if you find it too easy look up words.


  • Say good-bye to the one crashing bug in v1.0.2, which just a couple saw when doing searches in the text view. – You are now able to completely delete all text from an interlinear verse note in the text view. (Thanks, J.K.!) – Long lines (e.g., v. 4.181) are no longer truncated. Tibicines are unaffected. (Thanks, A.L. and D.S.!) – Faster, smoother scrolling of the text view, esp. on older devices. – Updates for iOS 8 Compatability.


  • So much depends on a red wheelbarrow–and on App Store reviews! We refuse to interrupt your reading with one of those nagging “Please Rate Us In the App Store” dialogues, so we humbly ask here that you take a few minutes to leave a review in the App Store.

v1.0.2, 2 February 2014


  • Verbil no longer becomes so despondent if you ask it to create a passage in a book beyond the Vergilian Twelve. Until we can generate epyllia about Silvius Aeneas, Anna, and others, we’ll show a warning instead of shutting down. – Fixed a crash in the reader related to searching the text and dismissing the keyboard. Our sincerest apologies to those who ran into versions of this bug. – Fix two bits of punctuation in Book 1. (Thanks, @telemachus!)


  • So much depends a red wheelbarrow–and on App Store reviews! We refuse to interrupt your reading with one of those nagging “Please Rate Us In the App Store” dialogues, so we humbly ask that you take time to leave a review in the App Store.

v1.0.1, 1 December 2013


  • Added confirmation dialogs for deletion of Passages, Vocabulary Sets, and Dropbox Notebooks.
  • Addressed an issue causing the import of shared vocab sets from email to be less than ideal.

v1.0, First Release, 21 November 2013


  • The Dashboard reports your most recent activity within Verbil so that you know what you’ve been working on.
  • Click on a Dashboard Item to navigate directly to that word, passage, vocabulary set, etc.
  • Dashboard sections can be reordered in Settings. The number of items reported in each Dashboard section can also be controlled in settings.

Aeneid Text

  • Select a word to get a menu to ‘Define’ or ‘Copy’ a word. Choosing to ‘Define’ a word will present the vocabulary word view.
  • Tap on a verse to reveal or hide its interlinear notes area. The icon in right hand margin indicates presence of notes on a verse. (Interlinear verse notes are reported in the Dashboard.)
  • Tap the flag icon in the left hand margin to mark a verse as flagged for later review. (Flagged verses are reported in the Dashboard.)
  • Create custom Passages to organize what you’re currently reading.
  • Generate random Passages from the AP Exam selections.
  • The Search field in the menubar lets you find words in the current book or passage.
  • Numbers along the right-hand side of each lexicon entry report how many times you’ve looked up a word, how many times you’ve marked it as having gotten right, and how many times you’ve marked it as having gotten wrong.


  • Tap a word to present the vocabulary word view.
  • Long-press a vocabulary entry to star the word (which adds it to a Vocabulary Smart Set).
  • Search the Lexicon with the field in the menubar.
  • The right-hand index bar scrubs through the lexicon alphabetically.
  • 5400+ entries, covering every word in the Aeneid, including proper names.


  • Create empty sets to which you can add words manually or generate sets for a range of verses. If generating a range of verses, you may select various word frequencies to include.
  • Smart Sets keep track of words you’ve starred, words you’ve looked up recently, words you’ve looked up most often, and words you’ve marked as having gotten wrong.
  • Frequency Sets organize all of the Aeneid’s words according to how frequently they occur.
  • Share a set with friends via email.
  • Mark words as having gotten right or wrong so that you can keep track of your progress in learning each word.


  • Handouts are short documents presenting useful tables of declensions and conjugations.
  • A searchable version of Bennett’s New Latin Grammar.


  • A searchable version of Dryden’s translation of the Aeneid.


  • Verse Notes, Vocab Lists, and Flagged Verses are automatically compiled into a Smart Notebooks.
  • Export any Smart Notebook to Dropbox via Sync API integration (v2.0.2).
  • Create new Dropbbox-synced notebooks, which can be found in your Dropbox’s ‘Apps/Verbil/’ folder.
  • Print notebooks or share via email.


  • Reorder Dashboard sections.
  • Control number of items in each Dashboard section.
  • Link or unlink your Dropbox account.